Thailand Spoon-billed Sandpiper & the North    *alt*

16 days, from £4895
Limosa Holidays
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A 16-day birdwatching tour to Thailand Our Thai birding adventure begins beside the Gulf of Thailand in search of Spoon-billed Sandpiper and other of the world's rarest shorebirds. From there, we travel north to explore the bird-rich tropical forests of the country's top three National Parks: Khao Yai, and the mountains of Doi Inthanon and Doi Ang Khang. A visit to the remarkable Burmese border peak of Doi Lang, seeking Scarlet-faced Liocichla, Giant Nuthatch and a hatful of other sought-after specialities, completes a really splendid trip!

Our winter birding tour to Thailand offers a superb introduction to the amazing avifauna of Southeast Asia. It's a region blessed with an exceptionally rich and diverse birdlife, including an impressive list of Oriental specialities. The period from December to March also finds huge numbers of wintering Siberian passerines present across the country, while the shores of Thailand's gulf coast boast some of the most exciting wader watching in all Asia. Our carefully planned itinerary takes in four key areas: the Gulf of Thailand, Khao Yai National Park and the border hills of Doi Lang and Doi Ang Khang in the far north, before concluding with an exploration of the forests that adorn Thailand's highest peak, Doi Inthanon.

From the capital, Bangkok, we head directly to the tidal mudflats, mangroves and saltpans overlooking the Gulf of Thailand. For sheer number and variety of shorebirds this area is amongst the best in all Asia, with an array of sought-after species - but none more special than the critically endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper, at what has latterly become the best place in the world for seeing this charismatic shorebird. The endangered Nordmann's Greenshank also occurs in winter, when other waders of note include Great Knot, Terek Sandpiper and Red-necked and Long-toed Stints. We'll take a boat trip to look for Malaysian Plover and the 'taxonomically challenged' White-faced Plover. Also possible here is the near-threatened Asian Dowitcher, another species that passes this way en route to its breeding grounds in Siberia. All were seen on our last three tours!

Leaving the sultry coastal lowlands behind, we then drive north to the luxuriant, cathedral-like tropical forests of Khao Yai, Thailand's oldest and best-known national park. Along the way, we will try for the localised Limestone Wren-babbler. We spend three nights at Khao Yai, staying at a good hotel right on the edge of the park. The birding is brilliant, with Red Junglefowl crowing and the shy Siamese Fireback (Thailand's national bird) often to be found at daybreak, and the harrier-like Great Eared Nightjar whistling plover-like at dusk. Enormous Great and Wreathed Hornbills, Red-headed and Orange-breasted Trogons, Banded Kingfisher and Greater Flameback are among numerous specialities to watch for. The superb Blue Pitta, a scarce and tricky-to-find inhabitant of the forest, can sometimes be found, too.

Khao Yai is also a haven for mammals: Asian Elephant, Sambar and Black Giant Squirrel occur, while the wild, wailing 'songs' of lunatic White-handed Gibbons greet the forest at dawn.

For the second part of our holiday we catch a flight from Bangkok to Chiang Rai, in the far north of Thailand. The montane forests of Doi Lang, Doi Ang Khang and Doi Inthanon National Parks are quite different in character to those at Khao Yai, with an avifauna that is also correspondingly different - and rich! The peaks of Doi Lang and Doi Ang Khang sit amongst a scenic mountainous region on the border with Burma, with upland oak and pine forests that hold numerous local specialities. The whacky Crested Finchbill, Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler, Whiskered Yuhina, the elusive Giant Nuthatch, Spot-breasted Parrotbill and Fire-tailed Sunbird are among a host of possibilities here. The beautiful Orange-bellied Leafbird and Scarlet-faced Liocichla are also present, along with numerous Palearctic migrants.

Chiang Mai is the provincial capital of northern Thailand. From here we make a special excursion to see the much declined Green Peafowl, before devoting the remainder of our time to birding the forested slopes of Thailand's highest mountain, Doi Inthanon (2565m/8415ft).

Again, the list of birds to be found here is long and includes many specialities, with the upper slopes being home to the elfin Pygmy Wren-babbler, Bar-throated Minla, Ashy-throated Warbler and jewel-like Green-tailed and Mrs Gould's Sunbirds. Lower down, we may encounter White-rumped Falcon or Slaty-backed Forktail. Then there are other seldom-seen species to look for, such as Rufous-throated Partridge, Rusty-naped Pitta, Green Cochoa and Dark-sided Thrush. At this time of year we should also encounter many wintering Palearctic and Siberian passerines, from Yellow-browed, Radde's and Dusky Warblers to Brown Shrike, Eyebrowed Thrush, Olive-backed Pipit and the sought-after Siberian Rubythroat - the stuff that birders' dreams are made of!

Thailand's tropical climate is at its best when we visit, while accommodations and the delicious local cuisine are good throughout (in fact, food is something of a religion in Thailand). Last but not least, there's the bonus of an excellent field guide to help you prepare and really make the most of the trip.

Guide Colin Bushell teamed up with our resident Thai birding expert 'End' to lead our January 2017 tour to Thailand and this will be his third visit to this remarkable country.

Superb introduction to the amazing birdlife of Southeast Asia
Abundance of resident Thai birds and wintering Siberian species
2 nights on the coast - Spoon-billed Sandpiper, Nordmann's Greenshank, Asian Dowitcher
3 nights at Khao Yai, exploring the tropical forests of this impressive national park
Siamese Fireback, 3 species of hornbill, Great Eared Nightjar, Limestone Wren-babbler
8 nights in the North visiting Doi Lang, Doi Ang Khang and Doi Inthanon National Parks
Green Peafowl, Rufous-throated Partridge, Giant Nuthatch, Scarlet-faced Liocichla...
Expertly led by Limosa's Colin Bushell and Thai bird guide Ms Sukanya Thanombuddha ('End')



Our birdwatching tour to Thailand commences with departure from London Heathrow today on British Airways nonstop overnight flight bound for Bangkok.


We shall be met on arrival in Bangkok on the morning of day two by our local guide and head southwest from the Thai capital to the shores of the Gulf of Thailand. A two-night stay at a comfortable coastal hotel will obviate the need to run the gauntlet of Bangkoks traffic congested streets each morning and evening.
Our birding destinations for these two days are the coastal sites of Khok Kham, Pak Thale and Laem Pak Bia - areas of intertidal mudflats, saltpans, shrimp and fish ponds, rice paddies, mangroves and marshy pools that are outstanding for wintering shorebirds from northern Asia. Topping the bill, this area has become famous in recent years as the best place to look for one of the worlds rarest, oddest and most charismatic waders: Spoon-billed Sandpiper! December, January and February are the very best months to try for this fantastic little shorebird, which winters here in tiny numbers. The Gulf is also a reliable spot in winter to find the endangered Nordmanns Greenshank. With a world population estimated to be less than 1000 individuals, this is another of the worlds rarest waders and we have chances to unearth both these five-star Siberian shorebirds here today, and again tomorrow.
It will come as no surprise to discover that waders generally are excellent here, with an exciting cast of migrant and wintering species present. Lesser and Greater Sand Plovers, Pacific Golden Plover, Broad-billed, Marsh and Terek Sandpipers, Great Knot, and Red-necked and Long-toed Stints are among a range of more exotic shorebirds we could see. With luck, we might come across the rare Asian Dowitcher, which also passes through the Gulf of Thailand at this season, while more familiar species we could see include Black-winged Stilt, Little Ringed and Kentish Plovers, Eurasian Curlew, Whimbrel, Black-tailed and Bar-tailed Godwits, Greenshank, Spotted Redshank, Wood and Curlew Sandpipers, plus Red-necked Phalarope.
If the tide is right, we will take a boat trip out through the mangroves to a sandy spit to look for the rare and localised Malaysian Plover, as well as the recently rediscovered White-faced Plover, the latter an enigmatic bird which many authorities now regard as a separate species.
Herons, egrets and terns are numerous in the coastal wetlands that fringe the Gulf of Thailand, with both Chinese and Javan Pond Herons, and buoyant Whiskered Terns much in evidence. Heavy-billed Collared and Black-capped Kingfishers hunt crabs amongst the mangroves, as striking chestnut, black and white Brahminy Kites patrol lazily overhead. Among a wide variety of other species we are likely to come across over these two days are Pacific Reef Egret, Striated Heron, Heuglins and Brown-headed Gulls, Caspian, Crested and Lesser Crested Terns, Pink-necked Pigeon, Blue-tailed Bee-eater, Golden-bellied Gerygone (Flyeater), Pied Fantail, Asian Pied Starling, White-vented Myna, Brown-throated and Yellow-bellied Sunbirds, and Streaked Weaver.
On one evening we will visit the limestone outcrop at Na Yang, where we can marvel at the nightly exodus of millions of Wrinkle-lipped Bats from their roost high in the limestone cliffs - whilst marauding Grey-faced Buzzards and Common Kestrels pluck them from the sky. Two nights Petchaburi (Pak Thale)


We leave the Gulf coast after an early breakfast this morning and head north. Skirting around Bangkok, well make one or two short stops at some freshwater swamps along the way to look for Cinnamon and Yellow Bitterns, Ruddy-breasted Crake, Bronze-winged and Pheasant-tailed Jacanas, Cotton Pygmy Goose, and Oriental and Black-browed Reed Warblers. Asian Openbill is another fascinating wetland bird - one that flourishes by breeding in the protected grounds of Buddhist temples - and something to watch out for today as we continue on across the predominantly flat agricultural plain of central Thailand. Our destination this evening is Khao Yai, Thailands first and best known National Park. Rising to 1351m (4432ft), Khao Yai's protected limestone hills are cloaked in superb dry evergreen and mixed deciduous forest, with grasslands dominating the valley bottoms. Khao Yai will be our base for three nights and our comfortable resort hotel is located within a short distance of the entrance to this very fine park.
Before we reach the park, however, in the afternoon we'll visit some impressive limestone outcrops to look for the local form of Limestone Wren-babbler, which occurs only in this small region of Thailand. Night Khao Yai NP


Set amidst spectacular scenery, our comfortable hotel makes the perfect base from which to really get to know Khao Yai. More than 540,000 acres in extent, the park is exceptionally beautiful, its cool rivers and waterfalls, and the many and varied trails that criss-cross the forest and glades, adding to the enjoyment of birding in this magical place, which in 2005 was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Not only are its birds many and varied, but their very names will make us want to see them, too! Vernal Hanging Parrot, Changeable Hawk-eagle, Asian Fairy Bluebird, Scarlet Minivet, Blue Whistling Thrush, Black-naped Monarch and Little Spiderhunter are among a wealth of exciting species that awaits us here! Khao Yais liana-draped trees are home to a wonderful array of other creatures as well: Asian Elephant, Sambar, Black Giant Squirrel, Common Palm Civet and Pig-tailed Macaque can all be found, while the whooping of White-handed Gibbons as they swing wildly and wail like demons high in the forest canopy is a sound that will forever live in your memory.
We spend much of our time at Khao Yai birding along roadsides and trails within the forests. The reserve is home to four species of magnificent hornbill: Brown, Wreathed, Oriental Pied and the enormous Great Hornbill, the latter swishing noisily overhead as if flying on wings of stiffened canvas. Every now and then, a faint chorus of bird calls heralds the approach of a mixed feeding flock of anything up to a dozen or more species; soon, a frenzy of warblers, bulbuls and babblers will surround us, before just as suddenly moving on again.
Excitable Black-throated Sunbirds and tiny flowerpeckers whizz between the gigantic trees - which may tower up to 70 metres above our heads - as we go in search of a plethora of forest woodpeckers, barbets, kingfishers, bee-eaters, broadbills, trogons, orioles and leafbirds. Key species we shall be especially watching out for include stunning Red-headed and Orange-breasted Trogons perching quietly in the middle storey, Banded and Long-tailed Broadbills, Banded Kingfisher, Blue-bearded Bee-eater and Greater Flameback.
With patience and stealth, we may be fortunate to spot the elusive Silver Pheasant, the very shy Coral-billed Ground Cuckoo or perhaps a pulse-quickening Blue Pitta with its flame-orange topknot, bounding across the forest floor. At dusk we hope to thrill at the sight of enormous Great Eared Nightjars as they whistle plaintively like plovers and float harrier-like against the evening sky, or marvel at Brown-backed or Silver-backed Needletails as they swoop to dink over a lake. One morning we will enter the park in time for Siamese Fireback, which can often be found first thing, feeding by the roadside. Two nights Khao Yai National Park


After breakfast we bid farewell to Khao Yai and travel back to Bangkok in time to catch a flight north to Chiang Rai, in the northernmost region of Thailand. Driving from there to our riverside hotel at Tha Ton will provide us with our first views of the northern hills as well as handsome Pied Bushchats perched on roadside wires.
If time permits, we will have a brief look at the river from the hotel, where Black-collared Starlings and Stejnegers Stonechats may be found, before paying a late afternoon visit to a local riverbed. Here we can search for wintering Jerdons Bushchat and Citrine Wagtail, plus Long-tailed Shrike and Pied Harrier.
The forested hills of northern Thailand extend across the border into neighbouring Burma (Myanmar), and are rich in birdlife. This is especially so in January and February, when the regions numerous resident species are boosted by an abundance of wintering birds from northern Asia. Possibilities include Brown Shrike, Dusky Warbler, Eyebrowed Thrush and Olive-backed Pipit... and the prospect of getting to grips with an excellent selection of these over the coming days will fill our dreams tonight!
We make a very early start on the morning of Day 8 for the steep drive (about an hour) up towards the summit of Doi Lang, at an elevation of more than 2000m (6500 feet). After a picnic breakfast near a Thai/Burmese border post, we will sit and watch for birds coming into small feeding stations set up for them. We should find many specialities: Rufous-throated Partridge, Blue Whistling Thrush, 'embarrassed-looking' Scarlet-faced Liocichlas, Silver-eared Laughingthrush, Grey-winged Blackbird, Striated Yuhina and Spectacled Barwing are among the most regular at the summit. Various wintering species might also be found, including the large and distinctive Scaly Thrush, plus localised birds such as the very smart Black-throated Tit - a member of the Long-tailed Tit family - with Grey Treepie and Orange-bellied Leafbird in the flowering trees.
Gradually working our way back down, we will stop to bird along the roadside forest edge and to sit and watch at more small feeding areas. Here we have the chance for more great views of new species: lovely White-gorgeted and Rufous-gorgeted Flycatchers, Chestnut-headed Tesias, and both Himalayan and Red-flanked Bluetails. The scarce Crested Finchbill can be locally common here and we may also find Crimson-breasted Woodpecker, Whiskered Yuhina and White-bellied Redstart. As well as great birding, there are spectacular views from the escarpment over the Burmese Highlands. This is a seldom visited and poorly known corner of Thailand, with much still to be discovered and we might be lucky to spot one or two rare species, such as Red-tailed Laughingthrush or Scarlet Finch.
The pine trees up here hold populations of Cinereous and Yellow-bellied Tits, and are home also to the rare and highly localised Giant Nuthatch. The not so rare Cooks Swift (now 'split' from Pacific Swift) breeds and roosts in limestone caves nearby and may pass overhead in huge numbers. Two nights Tha Ton


After enjoying a further morning birding at Doi Lang we head to our next venue: Doi Ang Khang, where the Ang Khang Nature Resort will be our base for the next two nights. Set at an elevation of ca. 1500m (5000ft), we will spend the whole of the next day exploring the scenic, forested landscape. Although the extent of forest cover here has been much reduced over recent decades, thanks to government intervention some of this threatened environment has belatedly been protected and Doi Ang Khang is still home to an excellent variety of forest birds.
In the open pine-oak woodlands, we might encounter parties of Short-billed and Long-tailed Minivets, large flocks of Chestnut-sided White-eyes and Yunnan Fulvettas, the 'bandit-masked' Slender-billed Oriole and the gaudy Mrs Goulds Sunbird. Specialities up here include Brown-breasted Bulbul, White-browed Laughingthrush and Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-babbler. In more pine woodland, if we are fortunate, the scarce and elusive Giant Nuthatch might put in another appearance, too! Two nights Doi Ang Khang


Our final early morning at Doi Ang Khang will be in search of any species we may have missed, or aimed at getting better views of others. A number of hard-to-see specialities are present locally and we will keep a sharp eye and keen ear out this morning for the likes of Mrs Humes Pheasant, Mountain Bamboo Partridge, and Buff-throated and Chinese Leaf Warblers. A visit to a lovely inhabited orchard and feeding station could bring great views of Black-breasted and Eyebrowed Thrushes, Grey-winged Blackbird and White-capped Redstart, perhaps a White-crowned Forktail or even the rufescent Black-browed and Spot-breasted Parrotbills - the latter is distinctly parrot-billed! With wintering species arriving from further north there could also be the chance of a surprise or two!
After lunch en route at another lovely Thai restaurant, we will aim to reach Chiang Mai in time to enjoy some late afternoon birding at a small wetland area on the edge of town. Here, Wire-tailed Swallow, Green Bee-eater, Burmese Shrike and Rufous Treepie should round the day off nicely. With luck, we might also encounter Rufous-winged Buzzard, Crested Bunting or the fabulous Siberian Rubythroat - and there is even a chance of unearthing a Pallass Grasshopper or Baikal Bush Warbler in the paddyfields. Night Chiang Mai


After breakfast in Chiang Mai, we visit the Royal Project area at Huai Hong Krai. Our target bird here is the majestic Green Peafowl, a spectacular but endangered Southeast Asian pheasant thats difficult to see elsewhere nowadays since its population has declined rapidly through habitat destruction and over-hunting. A walk along the trail here might also produce Swinhoes and Rosy Minivets, and Asian Barred Owlet. Or perhaps a Brown Hawk Owl will let us know of its presence via its characteristic boobook call. The manmade pools at Huai Hong Krai can also be good places to see Lesser Whistling Duck.
After lunch we drive southwest to Doi Inthanon National Park, where we spend the next three nights at the comfortable Inthanon Highland Resort. Around the resort we might find Indian Roller, Hoopoe, Arctic Warbler and Purple Sunbird, while in the local wood and paddies we will look for the extraordinary Red-billed Blue Magpie or Bright-capped Cisticola.
At 2565m (8415ft), Doi Inthanon is Thailands highest mountain. Encompassing more than 120,000 acres, the National Park is not only fantastic for birds but the best locality in northern Thailand to appreciate a succession of different habitats controlled by altitude - ranging from scrub and open, dry deciduous forest on the lower slopes through montane evergreen forest to moist cloud forest at the top. It will come as no surprise to discover that the parks avifauna is equally varied and magnificent!
The shrike-sized Collared Falconet, pint-sized Violet Cuckoo, Rufous Treepie, Blue-winged and Orange-bellied Leafbirds, Yellow-bellied Fantail, the sought-after but shy and seldom seen Green and Purple Cochoas, Large and Vivid Niltavas, tiny Snowy-browed and Little Pied Flycatchers, Chestnut-crowned and Blyths Leaf Warblers, Silver-eared Laughingthrush (recently split from Chestnut-crowned), Bar-throated Minla, Silver-eared Mesia, Rufous-winged Fulvettas, Dark-backed and Rufous-backed Sibias, Slaty-bellied Tesia, Yellow-browed and Yellow-cheeked Tits, and jewel-like Mrs Goulds and Green-tailed Sunbirds are among a mouth-wateringly long list of exotic names and appearances to conjure with! Minuscule Pygmy Wren-babblers and diminutive Ashy-throated Warblers haunt the fringes of the summit bog, where we may also encounter the tiny White-browed Shortwing, Red-flanked Bluetail and various wintering thrushes, possibly including the understated Grey-sided Thrush and the timid Dark-sided Thrush with its fantastically incongruous and outrageously oversized bill.
Many of Inthanons forest birds rove the woodlands in mixed species feeding flocks, just as at Khao Yai further south - except here, the make up of species is different. Pin-striped Tit-babbler, White-bellied Erpornis and the restless Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher are typical flock components in the more elevated woodlands, with Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo, Red-billed Scimitar-babbler and Clicking Shrike-babbler (formerly known as Chestnut-fronted Shrike-babbler) among scarcer associates. Flighty Slaty-backed Forktails grace the upland streams, where we might also see the attractive duo of White-capped and Plumbeous Water Redstarts.
All in all, we are assured of an exciting few days exploring Thailands highest mountain, with the added bonus that, in February, the dry season climate is at its best, too. Nights at the Inthanon Highland Resort


After breakfast, well enjoy a final morning of birding at Doi Inthanon, investigating the lower elevation forests that are home to noisy Lineated Barbets and whinnying Greater Flamebacks, the uncommon Black-headed and large White-bellied Woodpeckers, Black-hooded Oriole, Rufous Treepie and Purple Sunbird. With luck, we could come across Black-backed Forktail, Black Baza or White-rumped Falcon to round off our birding in style!
After lunch, we head to the airport in Chiang Mai and catch the afternoon flight back to Bangkok, where we'll enjoy a farewell dinner and overnight stay at a comfortable airport hotel. Night Bangkok


After an early breakfast, reluctantly, we must return to Bangkok airport and check-in for our morning flight home. Late afternoon arrival at London Heathrow, where our birding tour to Thailand ends.